Still Many Ways to Skin a Capital Cost

Harvard Business Review

To make sure they're comparing apples to apples, they discount those future cash flows to arrive at their net present value. Estimating the rate at which to discount the cash flows — the cost of equity capital — is an integral part of the exercise, and the choice of rate has a significant effect on estimates of a project's or a company's value. Not at all, he said, because it's "no secret that applying the CAPM is as much an art as financial science."

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What Private Equity Investors Think They Do for the Companies They Buy

Harvard Business Review

” PE firms typically take three types of value increasing actions — financial engineering, governance engineering, and operational engineering. These value-increasing actions are not necessarily mutually exclusive, but it is likely that certain firms emphasize some of the actions more than others. (We In operational engineering, PE firms develop industry and operating expertise that they bring to bear to add value to their portfolio companies.

CAPM 12

Why Those Guys Won the Economics Nobels

Harvard Business Review

Many lay readers are familiar with John Burr Williams and the dividend discount model , or the discounted value of future cash flows. You know, the future value of money, the present value of money — money today is worth more than in the future because you can invest it and get interest. Back in the ‘60s, people developed the capital asset pricing model [CAPM] as a way to do that. And the theory that was available then was CAPM.

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