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Calculating the Market Value of Leadership

Harvard Business Review

In recent years, investors have learned that defining the market value of a firm cannot just be based on finances. GAAP and FASB standards require financial reporting of earnings, cash flow, and profitability – all measures that investors have traditionally examined. But recently, these financial outcomes have been found to predict only about 50% of a firm’s market value. Financial markets Performance measurement Leadership

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Why We Need to Update Financial Reporting for the Digital Era

Harvard Business

The market caps of just four companies, Apple, Alphabet, Amazon, and Microsoft, now exceed $3 trillion. Their combined assets of $944 billion are an order of magnitude lower than the combined assets of $7,700 billion of the largest 3,177 companies in 1986, when the aggregate market capitalization reached $3 trillion for the first time. This notion, that risk is a desirable feature, can seem like sacrilege to anyone who’s taken an introductory finance course.

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The Dangers of Digital Protectionism

Harvard Business

Still others hope to create market barriers for global companies — a form of digital protectionism. These include access to digital goods and services, being part of global supply chains, accelerating and partaking in the fruits of innovation, and helping citizens access information, entertainment, and connectivity on a worldwide basis. India’s finance ministry has proposed such an approach to the central bank. Philippe Intraligi/Getty Images.

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