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Are CEOs Overhyped and Overpaid?

Harvard Business

For example, Steve Jobs, Jeff Bezos, and Elon Musk enjoy cult-like status and are widely regarded as modern tycoons of innovation. My focus was on peer-reviewed journal articles (academic papers) that included reliable measures of CEO attributes (e.g., bright- and dark-side personality, values, and reputation) and meaningful measures of organizational outcomes (culture, profits, turnover, etc.). How much do CEOs actually matter?

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