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Calculating the Market Value of Leadership

Harvard Business Review

In recent years, investors have learned that defining the market value of a firm cannot just be based on finances. GAAP and FASB standards require financial reporting of earnings, cash flow, and profitability – all measures that investors have traditionally examined. But recently, these financial outcomes have been found to predict only about 50% of a firm’s market value. Financial markets Performance measurement Leadership

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Why We Need to Update Financial Reporting for the Digital Era

Harvard Business

The market caps of just four companies, Apple, Alphabet, Amazon, and Microsoft, now exceed $3 trillion. Their combined assets of $944 billion are an order of magnitude lower than the combined assets of $7,700 billion of the largest 3,177 companies in 1986, when the aggregate market capitalization reached $3 trillion for the first time. So, investors, and therefore managers, might be adjusting their approach to risk accordingly. Analysts increasingly rely on non-GAAP metrics.

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