A Company Without Job Titles Will Still Have Hierarchies

Harvard Business Review

Think of it as management operating system 3.0. The term “holarchy” made its debut in Ghost in the Machine , a analysis of the human brain and its failings penned by Arthur Koestler in 1967. Radically flat. That’s the management goal that Tony Hseih, founder of e-commerce giant Zappos, aims to achieve by the end of 2014.