A Brief History of Blockchain

Harvard Business Review

When transaction costs drop past invisible thresholds, there will be sudden, dramatic, hard-to-predict aggregations and disaggregations of existing business models. Many of the technologies we now take for granted were quiet revolutions in their time. Just think about how much smartphones have changed the way we live and work. It used to be that when people were out of the office, they were gone, because a telephone was tied to a place, not to a person.

As Work Changes, Leadership Development Has to Keep Up

Harvard Business Review

Work is being disaggregated into tasks that can be dispersed inside and outside of the organization — the “uberization” of work. IBM has been building a talent system that both aligns with and accelerates this phenomenon of the external disaggregation of work. As work itself is changing, some of the basic tenets of leadership development are being challenged.

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3 Ways to Get More Out of Your Web Analytics

Harvard Business Review

Instead of just celebrating, or making an investment across the board to bring in even more traffic, think about how you can disaggregate your data so you can better understand cause and effect in this situation. Does this sound familiar?

Automation Will Make Us Rethink What a “Job” Really Is

Harvard Business Review

To answer these questions, we need to begin disaggregating work and understanding how automation and AI can differentially handle various aspects of work. Disaggregate the different parts of the curve shown in the chart above and determine how AI can play a role. As businesses enter the unchartered waters of machine intelligence – where machines learn by experience and improve their performance over time – researchers are trying to predict its impact on jobs and work.

The Fight Over Tesla Shows How Little Value Dealerships Add

Harvard Business Review

In disaggregated markets with many sellers and buyers and where search costs are high, intermediaries provide considerable value. Last week New Jersey started enforcing a ban on direct sales by Tesla Motors of its path-breaking model S. Tesla’s direct sales have also run into hot water in a number of other states: Ohio lawmakers are debating a ban on Tesla’s direct sales and Texas, Arizona, and Virginia are also opposed.

5 Questions That Will Help You Stay Ahead of Your Disruptors

Harvard Business Review

Unsurprisingly, the group’s targeted segmentation and disaggregation efforts ended up dramatically improving response and resolution times for typical customers.

Why I Tell My MBA Students to Stop Looking for a Job and Join the Gig Economy

Harvard Business Review

Instead of creating jobs, companies are increasingly disaggregating work from a job. When the students in the MBA course I teach on the gig economy ask me for the best thing they can do to prepare for their future careers, I tell them: “Stop looking for a job.” ” This may sound like odd advice to give MBA students.

Who Wins in the Gig Economy, and Who Loses

Harvard Business Review

Work is being disaggregated from jobs and reorganized into a variety of alternative arrangements, such as consulting projects, freelance assignments, and contract opportunities. The winners and losers in the U.S. economy have traditionally been easy to identify. If you had a full-time job, you won. A full-time job provided the steady income needed to support our traditional version of the American Dream: the highly leveraged, high-fixed-cost house; the cars; the latest consumer goods.

The Human Element in Digital Prototyping

Harvard Business Review

Disaggregate the drivers. Given that few products and services these days exist without a digital component of some sort, companies are increasingly being required to do live prototyping of a digital solution. There’s a common perception that product development for digital solutions is easier than it is for physical ones. While this can be true, we’ve seen many digital solutions fail because the product development process is too far removed from the user and lacks a human touch.

From Zipcar to the Sharing Economy

Harvard Business Review

They enable the disaggregation of physical assets in space and in time, creating digital platforms that make these disaggregated components — a few days in an apartment, an hour using a Roomba, a seat in your drive from Berlin to Hamburg — amenable to pricing, matching, and exchange.

The Truth About How Uber’s App Manages Drivers

Harvard Business Review

The company manages a large, disaggregated workforce of “driver-partners” that deliver a relatively standardized experience to passengers, while simultaneously promoting drivers as independent entrepreneurs whose work is characterized by freedom, flexibility, and independence.

The World Needs a DARPA-Style Project to Prevent Pandemics

Harvard Business Review

And it’s not as effective as it could be, because the money is allocated in a disaggregated manner. When the Blizzard of ’78 hit the Northeast, it caught the region by surprise. Some meteorologists had predicted only a minor snowstorm, and forecasts were still unreliable enough that many people simply went about their regular business.

Traditional Strategy Is Dead. Welcome to the #SocialEra

Harvard Business Review

So before we can explore the Social Era, we need to disaggregate two words — social is not always attached to the word media. When I say, "Social is and can be more than media," people resist. It's as if the two words (social and media) are now permanently fused together.

What a Changing UK Can Learn from Multinationals

Harvard Business Review

Previously, there has been a presumption that there was no need for a disaggregation of the interests of the UK as a whole and England, on the grounds that it contains 85% of the UK population. Following Scotland’s rejection of independence in the September 18 referendum, David Cameron, the British Prime Minister, has enlarged the scope of Britain’s constitutional debate.

Design Your Own Profession

Harvard Business Review

A disaggregated laptop that is lighter and more versatile, since I can use the screen by itself as an e-reader and the keyboard with other devices. The world is coming apart in many interesting ways. I recently bought an iPad. After using it for a few days I bought a wireless keyboard. A week later I bought a case that puts the iPad in one half and the keyboard in the other. Presto!

A Business Model for Bangladesh

Harvard Business Review

But producers in many of the newer entrants (such as Bangladesh) tend to be small and highly disaggregated. The death of over 800 people in the collapse of Rana Plaza , a building with garment factories in Bangladesh, spurred widespread outrage over working conditions in offshore factories.

Why Your Salespeople Are Pushovers

Harvard Business Review

Without clear guidance, most reps simply slip into "order taker" mode, closing small, disaggregated, price-driven deals at a discount all in the name of "giving customers what they want.". This blog, the third in a four-part series, is also part of the HBR Insight Center Growing the Top Line. Its conclusions are based on data from a global study of more than 6,000 sales reps across nearly 100 companies in multiple industries.

Why You Should Let a 5-Year Old Design Your Next Product

Harvard Business Review

All his life, he hated brushing his teeth. Getting toothpaste onto a toothbrush can be messy if your fine motor skills are still developing. And, of course, even though you know you''re supposed to replace a toothbrush every three months, who really keeps track of that?

The Founder's Dilemma: To Sell or Not to Sell?

Harvard Business Review

It is hard to disaggregate the reasons, but doing so alongside answering each of these questions will help bring clarity to this crossroads. We recently did an informal survey of some of our venture capital colleagues. We asked, "What crossroads decisions are most common and challenging for entrepreneurs in the course of the business-building journey?". The most common responses to this open-ended question were whether to take an investment and whether to sell the company.

Approximately Correct Is Better than Precisely Incorrect

Harvard Business Review

What they should be doing is disaggregating the drivers of these results, and focusing instead on who, or what, comprises those averages. There's no such thing as an average customer. A Harvard Business School marketing professor named John Deighton once came up with a vivid analogy to illustrate this and show why a business should sub-segment its customer base.

Why AOL Should Double Down on Patch

Harvard Business Review

The startup is trying to build a platform that could replace a disaggregated network of local news sources. Disclosure: The author is a shareholder in AOL. It's been funny watching the financial press and the tech community eviscerate AOL's Patch.com since last week's disappointing earnings call. The irony is that Patch is AOL's last, best chance to build a growth engine. Investors shouldn't be calling for AOL to back off the business.

The Best Investment You'll Ever Make

Harvard Business Review

If the star quality of our employees isn't immediately apparent, disaggregate their package into component skills until you find the disruptive skill that can make them a star performer, and deploy him/her accordingly. With nervous, but mostly eager, anticipation I walked up to the C-suite floor to meet with a senior manager at Merrill Lynch. When I'd initially met him two years earlier, he'd seemed quite supportive of my career as a sell-side analyst.