In a Crisis, Culture Matters: the Navy on 9/11
Michael Lee Stallard
AUGUST 24, 2012
Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) from 2000 until his retirement in 2005. Within hours after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, U.S. Navy aircraft carriers, destroyers and cruisers were in place to protect America’s shores. Naval leaders anticipated what had to be done and took action before they received orders. At the Pentagon in Washington, D.C., planning for America’s response began while fires from the attack still smoldered nearby. The rapid response of the U.S.